Paul Caronwas born in Montréal, Québec, he studied drawing and painting under William Brymner, Maurice Cullen and Edmond Dyonnet at the school of the Art Association of Montréal.
Caron worked for eleven years in the stained glass industry making drawings for ornaments and figures and then for La Presse and the Montréal Star doing pen and ink drawings. Caron was a designer and illustrator for magazines but eventually turned to full time painting. His subjects are often old buildings and historical areas of Montréal and Québec City.
Caron favoured winterscapes and painted many rural scenes in the Laurentians. Several of his artworks which were reproduced on Christmas cards. Caron worked in watercolour using only distilled water and took great care in the selection of his materials to insure permanency.
Caron exhibited with the Royal Canadian Academy and the spring shows of the Art Association of Montréal, Ontario Society of Artists, and the Fine Arts Section of the Canadian National Exhibition. He won the Jessie Dow award prize for watercolours in 1931 and 1937. His works are in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada and the Museum of the Province of Québec.
Caron was member of the Pen and Pencil Club, Montréal, The Arts and Letters Club in Montréal, The Canadian Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers, The Canadian Society of Graphic Art, and the Royal Canadian Academy beginning in 1939.
He dided in Montréal in 1941.