Jocelyn Taylor was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1899. She studied art at the Central Technical School of Toronto from 1915-1918, at the Ontario College of Art from 1918-1919, and at the Art Students' League in New York City under George Bridgman from 1929-1932.
Her artistic career began while working in set design for the Hart House theater in Toronto from 1919-1921 and again in 1924-1925.
She was a teacher at New York University in the Department of Dramatic Art from 1930-1944, and later at the Central Technical School from 1946-1964.
Taylor exhibited with the Royal Canadian Academy from 1949 to 1964, with whom she was a member. She also exhibited with the Ontario Society of Artists and the Canadian Society of Painters in Watercolour. Her work was shown at the International Salon in Vichy, France in 1961.
The artist often traveled to paint at various sites including Haliburton and Georgian Bay in Ontario, Gaspé and Saguenay in Québec, as well as the Maritimes and New Mexico.
She experimented frequently with an array of media including oil, acrylic, watercolour, gouache and ink.
She died in 1992.