Erica Rutherford was born Eric Rutherford in 1923 in Edinburgh, Scotland.
In 1976 Rutherford had sex reassignment surgery, long after many visits and misdiagnosis by psychiatrists and doctors whom had not yet acknowledged or accepted gender dysphoria in the medical community.
Rutherford lived in several countries around the world throughout her life. She lived in and around England, Spain, the midwest United States, South Africa, and Toronto.
She settled permanently in Prince Edward Island in 1985.
Along with painting Rutherford also worked as a film producer in Africa, in 1949 she produced a film titled 'Jim Comes to Jo'Burg'. She also wrote and illustrated a number of books published by Ragweed Press in the 1980's.,
Rutherford started the Printmakers Council of PEI. She was involved in the printmaking community at Open Studio, in Toronto.
Rutherford was admitted to the Royal Canadian Academy of Artists in 1999. Her work is part of the collections at the Canada Council Art Bank, the Arts Council of Great Britain, the Island Art Collection of the Government of PEI and the Museum of Modern Art in New York. She has exhibited internationally.
Rutherford died in 2008 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.