Caroline Dukes was born in Ujpest, Hungary in 1929. In Hungary she studied art at the Studio of sculptor, Sigiesmund de Strobl and the Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest in 1951. In 1958 after a defeat of the Hungarian uprising against communism, her family immigrated to Toronto. She moved to Winnipeg in 1967 and resumed her studies at the School of Art, University of Manitoba. She graduated in 1972.
Caroline Dukes' paintings have been influenced by her lifetime experiences as a holocaust survivor and as a witness to communist cruelty in Hungary. Her paintings are organized into series: Interior series; Building Series; Nude Series, Landscape Series, Cities Series and At the Focus of Forces Series. Her most intense personal work - "Remember...Relate...Retell" is a multimedia work that includes drawings, photographs, text, ready-made objects, video, audio, and constructions, it was created in 1992. This work is influenced by her childhood memories.
Dukes received the Highest Quality and Most Original Painting Award in 1973 and the Outstanding Prairie Interpretation Award in 1976. Her paintings were admired by people in Germany, Spain, Mexico and USA.
In 1995 she became a founding member of Site Gallery and in April 2003 she completed an autobiographical work, "Circus". She is a member of The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
She died in Winnipeg in 2003.
In July 2003 the Manitoba Artists for Women established the Caroline Dukes Legacy Fund which is administered by the Winnipeg Foundation.