Arthur Villeneuve was born in 1910, Chicoutimi, Québec. He worked odd jobs for the majority of his life, owning a barber shop and restaurant. He was self-taught and often conitnued working while creating his artwork.
In the 1950's Villeneauve began experimenting with drawing, painting, collaging, and sheet metal sculpting. By the late 1970's it is believed he created over 3000 paintings.
One of his homes, located at 669 rue Taché, became famous, he nearly completely covered the entire house with his first paintings.
Villeneuve was a member of The Roycal Canadian Academy and a member of the Order of Canada.
He died in 1990, in Montréal, Québec.