Adrien Hébert was born in Paris, France in 1890. His father was a sculptor, and Hébert spent much of his childhood travelling with him to Canada while he worked on commission. From 1902 to 1911, he attended Montréal's Conseil des arts and manufactures, taking courses from Edmond Dyonnet, Joseph-Charles Franchière, and Joseph Saint-Charles. He also studied under William Brymner at the Art Association of Montréal, later named the Montréal Museum of Fine Arts
He began exhibiting in 1909, over his career Hébert participated in many shows in Montréal and France.
In 1923, he began design at the Conseil des arts et manufactures in Montréal, Québec. He continued teaching until his retirement in 1955.
Hébert often painted urban scenes depicting Montréal. He was also influenced by his many travels to places such as Africa, and continuous trips to France.
In 1931 the city of Montréal commissioned him to complete a large-scale historical work on the topic of Jacques Cartier arriving at Hochelaga in 1535.
In 1941, he was elected to membership in the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts
He died in Montréal in 1967.